Makhaza informal settlement’s struggle for private toilets

In April 2011, Judge Nathan Erasmus ruled in the Cape High Court that the Cape Town municipality had violated the human and constitutional rights of residents of Makhaza in Khayelitsha by installing unenclosed toilets. In a victory to the community, the judge ordered the City to enclose the 1 316 toilets and said that the provision of unenclosed toilets was unlawful and inconsistent with the mayor and City of Cape Town’s Constitutional duties (Beja).